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Mortality And Morbidity Could Be Significantly Reduced By Lowering The National Ozone Standard

Nation Losing War Against Hypertension, CDC Says

Parkinson's Patients Experience Declines Years Before Diagnosis

Pharmacotherapy for mild hypertension. (Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Aug 15;8:CD006742.) “Antihypertensive drugs used in the treatment of adults (primary prevention) with mild hypertension (systolic BP 140-159 mmHg and/or diastolic BP 90-99 mmHg) have not been shown to reduce mortality or morbidity in RCTs. Treatment caused 9% of patients to discontinue treatment due to adverse effects. More RCTs are needed in this prevalent population to know whether the benefits of treatment exceed the harms.”

Stressful Jobs Linked to Heart Woes in Women

Sugary Drinks Linked to Increased Blood Pressure “For every extra sugar-sweetened beverage (355 mL) consumed each day there was a 1.6 mm Hg increase in systolic blood pressure and a 0.8 mm Hg increase in diastolic blood pressure. The link between drinking sugar-sweetened beverages and increased blood pressure was stronger among those who also consumed more sodium. Drinking diet beverages was not associated with increased blood pressure. Take away. This study doesn't prove that drinking sugar-sweetened beverages increases blood pressure. Still, these beverages provide empty calories that can contribute to weight gain, so it's best to drink them in moderation -- or better yet, drink water or unsweetened beverages instead.”

Sweetened Drinks May Be Linked to Preterm Deliveries “The study, of more than 60,000 pregnant women in Norway, found that those who drank one sugary carbonated or noncarbonated beverage a day were up to 25% more likely to give birth prematurely than those who avoided the sweetened drinks. Artificially sweetened beverages also increased the risk, although to a lesser extent.”

CDC: Only Half Control High Blood Pressure “First, if you have high blood pressure, get motivated. If you can bring your blood pressure down to an ideal level with treatment, then you can enjoy the following health benefits: Your risk of stroke will be reduced by 30% to 50%. Your risk of coronary artery disease (causes of angina and heart attack) will be reduced by 20% to 40%. Your risk of congestive heart failure will be reduced by 40% to 80%. Your risk of early death will be reduced by 10% to 20%. Second, know your goal. For most people with high blood pressure, the goal is pressure lower than 140/90. This means the top number should be lower than 140, the bottom number lower than 90. For people with diabetes or with chronic (long-lasting) kidney disease, the goal is pressure lower than 130/80. For people who are elderly, a goal that is a bit higher than 140/90 may be best. Your doctor can help you to pick your target.”

Hockey and Football Concussions: Time for Big Changes, Expert Argues "Helmets don't really help," Johnson says. "A concussion occurs when your skull goes one way and your brain the other. Helmets help with skull fractures, but they don't help for concussions, though players still think they do."

Lifestyle Changes Could Prevent 50% of Common Cancers “Among the "biggest buys" from lifestyle intervention is smoking cessation. "One third of cancer in high-income countries is caused by smoking," Dr. Colditz said. If smoking rates could be reduced to the current levels in Utah [about 11%], the United States could see a 75% reduction in smoking-related cancers in 10 to 20 years — a target that Dr. Colditz feels is feasible in countries where smoking rates have already declined considerably. Similarly, it is estimated that being overweight or obese causes approximately 20% of cancer today. If people could maintain a healthy body mass index (BMI), the incidence of cancer could be reduced by approximately 50% in 2 to 20 years. (A healthy BMI for cancer prevention is from 21 to 23 kg/m², as other speakers pointed out.) Dr. Colditz, among others, estimates that poor diet and lack of exercise are each associated with about 5% of all cancers. Improvement in diet could reduce cancer incidence by 50% and increases in physical activity could reduce cancer incidence by as much as 85% in 5 to 20 years.”

Magnesium intake and incidence of stroke: Meta-analysis of cohort studies (Nutrition, Metabolism & Cardiovascular Diseases 2012) “The present meta-analysis of prospective cohorts suggests that higher magnesium intake is associated with reduced risk of total and ischaemic stroke.”

Men With Large Waists Face an Increased Risk of Frequent Urination

Poor Sleep May Age Your Brain

Postprandial hypertension, an overlooked risk marker for arteriosclerosis. (Atherosclerosis. 2012)

Resistant Hypertension (J Am Board Fam Med 2012) “Resistant hypertension (RH) is defined as blood pressure above a goal despite adherence to at least 3 optimally dosed antihypertensive medications of different classes, one of which is a diuretic. Evaluation of possible RH begins with an assessment of adherence to medications. The white-coat effect should be ruled out by out-of-office blood pressure monitoring. Obesity, heavy alcohol intake, and interfering substances all contribute to RH. Dietary sodium restriction is an important part of management. RH may be secondary to problems such as renal disease, obstructive sleep apnea, or aldosteronism, and testing for these conditions should be considered. Adequate diuretic treatment is a key part of therapy. … Resistant hypertension is defined as blood pressure (BP) above goal (usually 140/90 mm Hg) despite adherence to a combination of at least 3 optimally dosed antihypertensive medications of different classes, one of which ideally is a diuretic.1 What constitutes an “optimal dose” of medication is presumably at least a moderate dose but not necessarily a maximum dose. Patients requiring =4 antihypertensive medications (even if controlled) are classified as having resistant hypertension. Based on trials during which participants were aggressively titrated to reach target BP, the prevalence of resistant hypertension has been estimated to be 20% to 30%.1 More recently, an analysis of US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data suggests that among hypertensive adults treated with medications, approximately 13% have resistant hypertension.2 A recent study of resistant hypertension in Spain found a similar rate of 12%.3 Although this prevalence is lower than initially thought, it is nonetheless quite high and likely will get worse.”

Salt Shockers Slideshow: High-Sodium Surprises

Short-term, Recreational Ecstasy Use May Damage Memory

Sleep-disordered Breathing and Cancer Mortality (Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 2012)

Slim people with excess belly fat at higher risk for heart attack than obese

Target Organ Damage in Hypertension (Int J Hypertens. 2012)

The truth about sports drinks (BMJ 2012)

Toxic Phthalates In School Supplies Used By Kids

Updated Guidelines for Cervical Cancer Screening: Less Is More

Vitamin D status in healthy Indians aged 50 years and above. (J Assoc Physicians India. 2011)

Want to Lose Weight? Keep a Food Journal, Don't Skip Meals and Avoid Going out to Lunch

Weak Head and Neck Control Early Indicator of Autism?

Web information on safe infant sleep often wrong

1 in 20 Cases of Melanoma Linked to Tanning Beds: Study “Those who bronze themselves in tanning beds face a 20 percent increased risk of skin cancer, and that raised risk reaches 87 percent if they start before they are 35 years old, new research indicates. The European study also estimates that one in every 20 cases (5.4 percent) of the most lethal form of skin cancer, melanoma, can be attributed to tanning bed use.”

10 ways to control high blood pressure without medication

Acrylamide is in Chocolate! Another Reason Why Cooking Food at High Temperature is Not Good for You

Alzheimer's Has Milder Expression With Older Onset “"The likelihood of developing AD by age 85 is about 50%, but we have found that people in their 60s and 70s, or the 'younger elderly,' who get AD show faster rates of brain tissue loss and cognitive decline than do the older elderly." “

Ambient air pollution exposure and blood pressure changes during pregnancy. (Environ Res. 2012)

Are We Drinking Too Much Water? “Our bodies need about two litres of fluids per day, not two litres of water specifically. In an Editorial in the June issue of Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, Spero Tsindos from La Trobe University, examined why we consume so much water. Mr Tsindos believes that encouraging people to drink more water is driven by vested interests, rather than a need for better health. "Thirty years ago you didn't see a plastic water bottle anywhere, now they appear as fashion accessories." “

Arterial Stiffness and Vitamin D Levels: the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012)

Association of Aspirin Use With Major Bleeding in Patients With and Without Diabetes (JAMA 2012)

Association Between Fine Particulate Matter and Diabetes Prevalence in the U.S. (Diabetes Care 2010)

Association of Particulate Air Pollution With Daily Mortality: The China Air Pollution and Health Effects Study. (Am J Epidemiol. 2012)

Big 10 Risk Factors for Stroke

Bigger Waist Tied to Increased Risk of Diabetes

Blood Type Might Be a Clue to Heart Disease Risk

Breast Cancer Risk Can Be Lowered by Avoiding Unnecessary Medical Imaging

Can Too Much Exercise Be Harmful? “Strive for healthier patterns of exercise, O'Keefe suggests. "Things like gardening, walking, jogging, swimming, yoga," he says. "These are all ideal forms of exercise." Pay attention to intensity. You can take a leisurely all-day bike ride, he says. "Even a century (100-mile) bike ride you can do safely if you don't hammer it." He encourages rest breaks. Lavie concedes that some athletes love the competition and won't give up the long, grueling events. He encourages people to cross train, mixing in several forms of exercise. Runners should consider fitting in some lower-impact exercise such as swimming, biking, or light weight lifting, he says.”

Cervical Cancer Screening: A Guideline Synthesis From AHRQ

Chemicals in personal care products may increase risk of diabetes in women

Child Diabetes Levels Almost Four Times Higher in China Than in US

Cochrane review finds no proved benefit in drug treatment for patients with mild hypertension

Coronary Artery Calcium Bests Other Risk Markers for CVD Risk Assessment “"If you go to any cardiologist, all that they're doing while you're sitting in front of them is trying to put you into one of three risk categories," lead investigator Dr Joseph Yeboah (Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC) told heartwire. "We know what we should do for low-risk people. We just emphasize lifestyle changes, and most of the time over 10 years nothing happens to them. We know that in high-risk patients, in addition to lifestyle, certain medications work. What we don't know how to do is treat people who fall into the intermediate group. They're in no-man's land. Yet we know a chunk of the people who have heart attacks are within this group. This tells us that there are people who are wrongly put into this category based on current risk tools."”

Could Chemotherapy Make Cancer Worse?

Faltering Steps May Indicate Oncoming Dementia

Fast Food Intake Increases Risk of Diabetes and Heart Disease in Singapore “The latest research, published online July 2 by the American Heart Association's journal Circulation, found that people who consume fast food even once a week increase their risk of dying from coronary heart disease by 20 percent in comparison to people who avoid fast food. For people eating fast food two-three times each week, the risk increases by 50 percent, and the risk climbs to nearly 80 percent for people who consume fast food items four or more times each week. Eating fast food two or more times a week was also found to increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by 27 percent.”

Fighting Alzheimer's Disease With Exercise “The results showed that exercise was more beneficial than diet control in reducing ß-amyloid formation (a defining characteristic of Alzheimer's disease) and restoring memory loss induced by a high-fat diet in these mice. Moreover, Kinoshita's team found that the effect of diet control plus exercise was not significantly different than exercise alone. They attribute the positive effects of exercise to increased degradation of ß-amyloid deposits in the brain. "Based on the results in this research," Kinoshita suggests, "exercise should be given priority to prevent Alzheimer's disease." “

High Blood Sugar May Make Pneumonia Deadlier

High-carb diet tied to breast cancer risk for some “Diets with a high glycemic load are associated with a bigger secretion of insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar. High insulin levels, in turn, have been linked to certain cancers, possibly because insulin helps tumors grow.”

High Pollution Increases Risk Of Repeated Heart Attacks By Over 40 Percent

How much meat is a bowel cancer risk?

Hypertension and vascular calcification: a vicious cycle? (J Hypertens. 2012)

Hypertension Prevalence in US Stable, at 30%

Iced Tea Can Contribute to Painful Kidney Stones

Inactivity May Kill as Many Worldwide as Smoking: Report

Lack of Sleep Found to Be a New Risk Factor for Aggressive Breast Cancers

Losing Twenty Pounds Can Help Obese Adults Gain 10 Years

Low Vitamin D Level is Linked to Greater Chance of Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes

Lower Vitamin D Could Increase Risk of Dying, Especially for Frail, Older Adults

Chronic exposure to acrylamide induces DNA damage in male germ cells of mice. (Toxicol Sci. 2012) “The results of this study are the first to demonstrate that chronic exposure to acrylamide, at doses equivalent to human exposures, generates DNA damage in male germ cells of mice.”

Chronic Exposure to Fine Particles and Mortality: An Extended Follow-up of the Harvard Six Cities Study from 1974 to 2009 (EHP 2012)

CT Scans Increase Children’s Cancer Risk, Study Finds “CT scans in children can cause small but significant increases in the risk of leukemia and brain cancer, a new study finds. Researchers say the results do not mean that CT scans should be avoided entirely — they can be vitally important in certain situations, like diagnosing severe head injuries — but that the test should be performed only when necessary, and with the lowest possible dose of radiation. CT, or computed tomography, scans take X-rays from various angles and combine them to create cross-sectional images, and they involve much more radiation than traditional X-ray techniques. Concern about potential harm from the scans has grown as their use has climbed steeply; at least four million children a year receive scans in the United States, and researchers estimate that a third of the scans are unnecessary or could be replaced by safer tests like ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging, which do not use radiation.”

Diesel Fumes Called Carcinogenic “Diesel engines not only pollute the environment, they also release carcinogenic fumes, according to a panel of experts working for the International Agency for Research on Cancer at the World Health Organization (WHO). Specifically, the exhaust carries toxins that are “definitely a cause of lung cancer,” BBC News reported, and possibly a cause of bladder tumors as well, warranting the move from “probably carcinogenic” to definitely so. The panel drew its evidence from research in miners, railway workers, truck drivers, and other “high-risk” workers, though it emphasized that its findings do not apply only to this group of people, but also to those exposed at lower levels of diesel fumes.”

Dietary sodium intake deleteriously affects blood pressure in a normotensive population (European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2012)) “In a normotensive population, BP shows a linear relationship with DSI. Our results emphasize the potent deleterious impact of DSI on BP.”

Does Blood Pressure Inevitably Rise With Age? Longitudinal Evidence Among Forager-Horticulturalist (Hypertension 2012 )

Dose–Response Relationship of Prenatal Mercury Exposure and IQ: An Integrative Analysis of Epidemiologic Data (EHP 2012)

Early Imaging of Low Back Pain Unnecessary, Harmful

Eating low-fat dairy foods may reduce your risk of stroke

Effects of low-sodium diet vs. high-sodium diet on blood pressure, renin, aldosterone, catecholamines, cholesterol, and triglyceride (Cochrane Review). (Am J Hypertens. 2012) “Sodium reduction resulted in a significant decrease in BP of 1% (normotensives), 3.5% (hypertensives), and a significant increase in plasma renin, plasma aldosterone, plasma adrenaline, and plasma noradrenaline, a 2.5% increase in cholesterol, and a 7% increase in triglyceride.”

Environmental Chemicals in Pregnant Women in the United States: NHANES 2003–2004 (EHP 2012)

Epidemiology of Breast Cancer in Europe and Africa (Journal of Cancer Epidemiology 2012)

Hypertension in Bangladesh: a review. (Indian Heart J. 2012)

Hysterectomy may lead to arterial stiffening in postmenopausal women “Estrogen-deficient, postmenopausal women who have had their uterus removed appear to have stiffer arteries compared to similar women who have not had a hysterectomy, according to new research from the University of Colorado School of Medicine. The finding may help explain the greater risk of cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death in women, reported in previous research. "The message here is that having a hysterectomy may lead to large artery stiffening, which can lead to the development of cardiovascular disease," said Kerrie Moreau, Ph.D., lead author of the study and associate professor of medicine at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. "Knowing this, women who have had a hysterectomy will need to be more vigilant about their cardiovascular health."

Impact of Smoking on Cognitive Decline in Early Old Age (Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2012)

It's hot! Stay hydrated.

Major Bleeding With Aspirin in Primary Prevention Underestimated

'No' for Low-Dose Vitamin D, Calcium

One Third Of Australians Short On Vitamin D

Ozone Hurts the Heart, and It Doesn't Take a Lot “A little ozone may go a long way in terms of hurting your heart. A new study suggests exposure to as little as two hours of ozone may be enough to trigger inflammation and other changes in the body associated with heart attacks and sudden death.”

Quitting Smoking Decreases Death Risk Even in Older People

Residential Proximity to Freeways and Autism in the CHARGE Study (EHP 2012) “Living near a freeway was associated with autism. Examination of associations with measured air pollutants is needed.”

Study Urges Limits on Daily Aspirin “Daily aspirin probably should be limited to people who have a very high risk of heart disease or stroke, a large new study suggests. The reason is that the risk of bleeding is too high to be worth the risk, researchers said. The new study found bleeding risk to be higher than reported before. The study compared people who were taking low-dose aspirin daily with people who were not taking the drug.”

Survey Data on Acrylamide in Food: Individual Food Products

Treating Prediabetes Might Prevent Full-Blown Disease “Treating prediabetes aggressively with lifestyle changes and medications may prevent its progression to diabetes, a new study finds. People with prediabetes who had their blood sugar returned to normal were 56 percent less likely to develop full diabetes in the five years after treatment, researchers say. Prediabetes is a condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not as high as seen in full-blown diabetes. "The biggest risk for people with prediabetes is that about 70 percent of them will develop type 2 diabetes over their lifetime," said lead researcher Dr. Leigh Perreault, an associate professor of medicine at the University of Colorado-Denver.”

Untreatable gonorrhea spreading worldwide

Even Young Teens Show Signs of Sun Damage

Exercise protects against high-fat diet-induced hypothalamic inflammation. (Physiol Behav. 2012)

Exposure to particulate air pollution and cognitive decline in older women. (Arch Intern Med. 2012) “Long-term exposure to PM(2.5-10) and PM(2.5) at levels typically experienced by many individuals in the United States is associated with significantly worse cognitive decline in older women.”

Final USPSTF Guidelines: No to Routine PSA Testing

First Evaluation of the Clean Water Act's Effects On Coastal Waters in California Reveals Major Successes

Fish tied to lower colon cancer risk: study

Food Ingredients Most Prone to Fraudulent Economically Motivated Adulteration

Genetic Study Questions HDL Levels and the Risk of MI

Head Blows May Hamper Learning in College Athletes

Here Are the Women Who Need Mammograms in Their 40s: Study “A new analysis that may help women in their 40s interpret mammogram guidelines says those with a family history of breast cancer or extremely dense breast tissue should start getting regular screenings.”

High Blood Pressure, Glucose a Global Problem

High salt intake linked to higher stroke risk “Right now, the AHA suggests that people limit their sodium intake to no more than 1,500 milligrams a day. That's a bit more strict than some other recommendations; the World Health Organization, for example, advises a limit of 2,000 milligrams. But people in the current study -- mainly black and Hispanic New Yorkers -- typically consumed well above those recommendations. They averaged 3,031 milligrams of sodium per day.”

Hypertensive Patients Who Exercise Have Lower Death Risk “According to a presentation at the World Congress of Cardiology, people with hypertension (high blood pressure) could reduce their risk of dying from cardiovascular disease (CVD) or all-cause mortality to a level equivalent a reduction of 40~50 mmHg in blood pressure, simply by exercising.”

Impact of Diastolic and Systolic Blood Pressure on Mortality: Implications for the Definition of “Normal” (Journal of General Internal Medicine 2012) “The mortality rate for individuals over age 50 began to increase in a stepwise fashion with increasing DBP levels of over 90. However, adjusting for SBP made the relationship disappear. For individuals over 50, the mortality rate began to significantly increase at a SBP=140 independent of DBP. In individuals=50 years of age, the situation was reversed; DBP was the more important predictor of mortality. Using these data to redefine a normal blood pressure as one that does not confer an increased mortality risk would reduce the number of American adults currently labeled as abnormal by about 100 million. … Our examination of the independent effects of diastolic and systolic blood pressure on mortality confirms a central tenet of the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7): systolic blood pressure elevations are more important than diastolic blood pressure elevations in persons over age 50. In fact, in our data, diastolic blood pressures are largely irrelevant in this age group. The situation was reversed in persons age 50 and younger: in whom diastolic blood pressure was the more important predictor of mortality. Our analysis was also directed at a broader question that we hope JNC 8 will consider in its ongoing deliberations: What is the impact of various definitions of normal blood pressure? The current definition of normal is less than 120/80. Our analysis offers one possible alternative definition: a blood pressure that does not confer an increased mortality risk in a cohort of over 10,000 individuals followed for nearly 20 years. From our data this would mean that abnormal for individuals over age 50 would be a SBP of =140 (independent of DBP), and for individuals less than 50, a DBP?=100 or a SBP?=200. While it should not be viewed as the final word on this topic, we hope it serves as an example of an alternative approach. If nothing else, our findings highlight that the choice about the approach used to define normal blood pressure will impact literally millions of Americans.”

Infection Causes 1 in 6 Cancers Worldwide: Study

Low oxygen in cells promotes cancer growth

Morning Hypertension - Morning High Blood Pressure

'Personality Genes' May Help Account for Longevity

Phthalates in PVC Floors Taken Up by the Body in Infants

Physical Activity and Breast Cancer Survivorship (Am J Lifestyle Med. 2012) “To help provide guidelines for physical activity counseling with breast cancer survivors, the authors synthesized evidence-based recommendations based on a review of 30 intervention studies. The evidence on (1) type, (2) intensity, and (3) frequency and duration of physical activity for this population was examined. On the basis of the reviewed studies, the authors find that physical activity programs for breast cancer survivors should include aerobic training at least 3 times/wk for 30 minutes, resistance training 2 to 3 times/wk (6–12 exercises), and flexibility training 3 times/wk for 50 to 60 minutes to obtain health benefits. The provision of these recommendations may facilitate effective and consistent delivery of physical activity counseling to breast cancer survivors.”

Predicting the 30-Year Risk of Cardiovascular Disease. The Framingham Heart Study (Circulation 2012)

Raising HDL Levels May Not Lower Heart Attack Risk

Serious Exercise May Benefit Middle-Aged Arteries

Sodium Consumption Among Hypertensive Adults Advised to Reduce Their Intake: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2004 (The Journal of Clinical Hypertension 2012) “The mean (±standard error) sodium intake among hypertensive adults was 3341±37 mg and differed by sex, age, race/ethnicity, education, and body mass index (P<.05), with the lowest intake among adults aged 65 years and older (2780±48 mg). Mean intake did not differ significantly by action status either overall or by subgroup except for one age category: among patients 65 years and older, mean intake was significantly lower among those who took action (2715±63 mg) than among those who did not (3401±206 mg; P=.0124). Regardless of action, mean intake was well above 1999–2004 recommendations for daily sodium intake and about twice as high as the current recommendation for hypertensive adults (1500 mg).”

Study Finds Direct Link Between Obesity, Heart Disease

Study Suggests Lower Risk of Death in Patients With Resistant Hypertension “Patients with resistant hypertension had a 36% increased risk of heart failure, a 25% increased risk of MI, a 10% increased risk of stroke, and a 24% increased risk of end-stage renal disease. However, those with resistant hypertension had a 19% lower risk of death (hazard ratio 0.81; 95% CI 0.78–0.84).”

Association of Sweetened Beverage Intake with Incident Hypertension. (J Gen Intern Med. 2012)

Autism: Early Screening by Pediatricians

Banned Antibiotics Found in Poultry Products

Body mass index and risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer and all-cause mortality. (Can J Public Health. 2012) “The results demonstrate significant relationships between BMI and mortality from all causes, CVD and cancer. The increased risk of all-cause, CVD and cancer mortality associated with an elevated BMI was significant at levels above 30 kg/m2; however, overweight individuals (BMI 25-29.9 kg/m2) also had an approximately 60% higher risk of CVD mortality.”

Childhood obesity increases blood pressure in adolescence, study shows

Common Environmental Contaminant Linked To Rapid Breast Cancer Growth “"Many of us are exposed to very low levels of cadmium from the environment on a daily basis, and our research shows that even small concentrations of this metal at prolonged exposures can cause breast cancer cell growth. Cadmium is produced mainly as a byproduct from mining, smelting and refining sulfidic ores of zinc, lead and copper. Rocks mined to produce phosphate fertilizers also contain varying amounts of cadmium. Cadmium also is found in rechargeable batteries and cigarette smoke. Cadmium enters the body through consumption of contaminated food, water or inhalation of cigarette smoke.”

Dental X-rays Linked to Brain Tumors

Diabetes Groups Issue New Guidelines on Blood Sugar

Dietary Sodium and Risk of Stroke in the Northern Manhattan Study. (Stroke. 2012)

Dietary Sodium Intake and Cardiovascular Mortality: Controversy Resolved? (Am J Hypertens. 2012) “Taken together, these data provide strong support for a "J-shaped" relation of sodium to cardiovascular outcomes. Sodium intakes above and below the range of 2.5-6.0 g/day are associated with increased cardiovascular risk. This robust body of evidence does not support universal reduction of sodium intake.”

1 Sugary Drink a Day May Raise Heart Risk

A Reverse J-Shaped Association of All-Cause Mortality with Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D in General Practice, the CopD Study. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2012) “In this study from the general practice sector, a reverse J-shaped relation between the serum level of 25(OH)D and all-cause mortality was observed, indicating not only a lower limit but also an upper limit. The lowest mortality risk was at 50-60 nmol/liter. The study did not allow inference of causality, and further studies are needed to elucidate a possible causal relationship between 25(OH)D levels, especially higher levels, and mortality.”

A Visual Guide to Heart Disease

Air Pollutants Mediate Effects on Heart Health Through Inflammation and Thrombosis

Arteries Under Pressure Early On: Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet Show Signs of Artery Damage After Only Six Weeks “High fat diets cause damage to blood vessels earlier than previously thought, and these structural and mechanical changes may be the first step in the development of high blood pressure. … The authors conclude: "These results suggest that, at an early stage of obesity, the structural properties of small and large arteries are altered whereas arterial stiffness is only observed in small vessels. This implies that small vessels are targeted earlier compared to large arteries, and this could therefore play a role in the development of hypertension associated with a long-term caloric-enriched diet.”

Impact of lower achieved blood pressure on outcomes in hypertensive patients (Journal of Hypertension 2012) “Achieved SBP 130?mmHg or less is not associated with lower cardiovascular risk than SBP of 131 to 141?mmHg and is associated with a significantly increased risk of death and trend towards increased cardiovascular mortality. These findings support the need for randomized evaluation of treatment to more aggressive vs. conventional SBP targets.”

Is Pesticide Use Related to Parkinson Disease? (Environmental Health Perspectives 2012)

Kegel exercises for men: Understand the benefits

Meat consumption, heterocyclic amines, and colorectal cancer risk: The multiethnic cohort study. (Int J Cancer. 2012)

Overdiagnosis of Invasive Breast Cancer Due to Mammography Screening: Results From the Norwegian Screening Program (Annals 2012)

Patterns of sodium and potassium excretion and blood pressure in the African Diaspora (Journal of Human Hypertension (2012)) “In multivariate analyses both sodium (positively) and potassium (negatively) were strongly correlated with BP (P<0.001); quantitatively the association was stronger, and more consistent in each site individually, for potassium. The within-population day-to-day variation was also greater for sodium than for potassium. Among each population group, a significant correlation was observed between sodium and urine volume, supporting the prior finding of sodium as a determinant of fluid intake in free-living individuals. These data confirm the consistency with the possible role of dietary electrolytes as hypertension risk factors, reinforcing the relevance of potassium in these populations.”

Pelvic Muscle Training Effective in Treating Urinary Incontinence for Women

Pesticides May Be Linked to Slightly Smaller Babies, Shorter Pregnancies

Prevention a Low Priority in Cardiology Training

Quiz: Test Your Salt Smarts

Relationships between gray matter, body mass index, and waist circumference in healthy adults. (Hum Brain Mapp. 2012)

Report Provides New Sugar Recommendations For Adults

Salt and hypertension: is salt dietary reduction worth the effort? (Am J Med. 2012)

Salt Content Variable in Fast Food in Different Countries

Salt Dangers—Beyond Hypertension

Sitting Time and All-Cause Mortality Risk in 222 497 Australian Adults (Arch Intern Med 2012) “Prolonged sitting is a risk factor for all-cause mortality, independent of physical activity. Public health programs should focus on reducing sitting time in addition to increasing physical activity levels.”

Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Caffeine Consumption: Results of a Community-based Study. (Chest. 2012) “SDB is independently associated with caffeinated soda use in the general community. Identifying excessive caffeine used in SDB has potential significance given the cardiovascular effects of caffeine and untreated SDB.”

Soda Consumption Increases Overall Stroke Risk “Researchers from Cleveland Clinic's Wellness Institute and Harvard University have found that greater consumption of sugar-sweetened and low-calorie sodas is associated with a higher risk of stroke. Conversely, consumption of caffeinated or decaffeinated coffee was associated with a lower risk. … "Soda remains the largest source of added sugar in the diet," said Adam Bernstein, MD, ScD, study author and Research Director at Cleveland Clinic's Wellness Institute. "What we're beginning to understand is that regular intake of these beverages sets off a chain reaction in the body that can potentially lead to many diseases -- including stroke." … In sugar-sweetened sodas, the sugar load may lead to rapid increases in blood glucose and insulin which, over time, may lead to glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, and inflammation. These physiologic changes influence atherosclerosis, plaque stability and thrombosis -- all of which are risk factors of ischemic stroke. This risk for stroke appears higher in women than in men. In comparison, coffee contains chlorogenic acids, lignans and magnesium, all of which act as antioxidants and may reduce stroke risk. When compared with one serving of sugar-sweetened soda, one serving of decaffeinated coffee was associated with a 10 percent lower risk of stroke. In addition, study findings show that men and women who consumed more than one serving of sugar-sweetened soda per day had higher rates of high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol and lower physical activity rates. Those who drank soda more frequently were also more likely to eat red meat and whole-fat dairy products. Men and women who consumed low-calorie soda had a higher incidence of chronic disease and a higher body mass index (BMI).”

Statins as a possible cause of inflammatory and necrotizing myopathies (Atherosclerosis 2012) “Statins have recently been associated with a variety of inflammatory myopathies including polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and a necrotizing myopathy. The association of statins with necrotizing myopathy is strengthened by the discovery that the serum of some of these patients contains an anti-HMGCR antibody. This suggests that statins can cause or unmask an immune mediated myopathy.”

Tests indicate that imported “extra virgin”olive oil often fails international and USDA standards

The association between waist circumference and risk of mortality considering body mass index in 65- to 74-year-olds: a meta-analysis of 29 cohorts involving more than 58 000 elderly persons. (Int J Epidemiol. 2012)

What’s the beef with red meat?

Updated Guidelines for Cervical Cancer Screening: Less Is More

Vitamin D insufficiency and mild cognitive impairment: cross-sectional association (European Journal of Neurology 2012) “Low 25OHD concentrations were associated with MCI status in older non-demented community-dwellers with subjective memory complaint.”

Vitamin D Levels Predict All-Cause and Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in Subjects With the Metabolic Syndrome: The Ludwigshafen Risk and Cardiovascular Health (LURIC) study (Diabetes Care 2012)

Nocturnal blood pressure and cardiovascular disease: a review of recent advances (Hypertension Research 2012) “Among these parameters, there is increasing evidence that the mean nocturnal BP level is the most sensitive predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Furthermore, several studies have shown that less nocturnal BP dipping, defined as less nocturnal BP decline relative to daytime BP, or a high night–day BP ratio was associated with poor prognosis irrespective of the 24-hour BP levels. These findings can be interpreted in at least two ways: namely, high nocturnal BP or less nocturnal BP dipping might be not only a potent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but also a marker of pre-existing or concurrent diseases that can lead to nocturnal BP elevation.”

Obstructive sleep apnea. (Neurol Int. 2011) “An epidemiological review by Young et al. estimates that 1 in 5 adults has at least mild OSA and 1 in 15 adults has at least moderate OSA.6 Sleep apnea can affect anyone at any age, even children.7,8 OSA is becoming increasingly prevalent. However, because of the lack of awareness by the public and health-care professionals, the vast majority remain undiagnosed and untreated. Data from the Wisconsin sleep cohort study of patients estimate that 93% of women and 82% of men with moderate-to-severe sleep apnea were undiagnosed.9 A follow-up publication from the Wisconsin Cohort Study five years later indicated that the prevalence of OSA in people aged 30–60 years was 9–24% for men and 4–9% for women.10,11 Primary risk factors for OSA include the male gender, those over age 40, overweight persons or recent weight gain, and persons with a large neck size or small chin/jaw (Table 1).12 … The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) defines an apnea as a cessation in airflow lasting at least 10 sec; apneic episodes can last anywhere from 10 sec to min, and may occur multiple times per hour.46 Hypopnea is defined as a recognizable transient reduction (but not complete cessation) of breathing for at least10 sec. This differs from apnea in that there remains some flow of air. In the context of sleep disorders, a hypopnea event is only considered to be clinically significant if there is a 30% or more reduction in flow with an associated 4% or greater desaturation in O2 level, lasting for 10 seconds or longer, or if it is associated with an arousal or fragmentation of sleep. Apneas and hypopneas are both considered in assessing the severity of a person's sleep disorder.47 … Hypertension that is primarily caused by OSA (in contrast to essential hypertension) is distinctive in that the blood pressure does not drop significantly when the individual is sleeping.59 OSA that remains untreated can also have a negative effect on memory. Research has recently shown that individuals with OSA have mammillary bodies that were nearly 20 percent smaller on MRI.60 This decreased tissue mass may be related to the memory problems seen in chronic OSA.”

Pediatricians Sound Alarm On Overuse Sports Injuries

Rapid Rise in Blood Pressure Before Midlife May Cause Irreversible Heart Damage “Based on the study findings, Dr. Ghosh said a borderline or pre-hypertensive blood pressure reading (a systolic pressure of 120 to 139 mm Hg or a diastolic pressure from 80 to 89 mm Hg) -- even in your 30s -- should warrant more frequent monitoring so doctors can assess the rate of change in blood pressure. Current guidelines are based on a single, one-off measure of blood pressure and doctors rarely prescribe blood pressure-lowering medications for people in their 30s, as the risk of them having a cardiovascular event in the next 10 years is low. "If people have a rapid rise in blood pressure, early treatment should be considered, because we know from this study that, 30 years down the line, they're going to have more heart damage than somebody with a slower rise in blood pressure," Dr. Ghosh said. "We're potentially talking about a completely new way of assessing and treating blood pressure in younger people." The results revealed people who experienced a relatively rapid increase in blood pressure during midlife typically had a larger left ventricle -- an independent risk factor for heart disease and other health problems -- than those whose blood pressure edged up more slowly or later in life. Those taking medication to manage high blood pressure had a larger left ventricle than those with the same blood pressure who had never taken medication, suggesting that treatment in later life did not reverse the consequences of a rapid rise in blood pressure in earlier years.”

Sleeping Too Much or Too Little Can Be Bad for Your Heart“Getting too little sleep -- or even too much -- appears to spell trouble for the heart. New data reveal that adults who get less than six hours of sleep a night are at significantly greater risk of stroke, heart attack and congestive heart failure. Even those who reportedly sleep more than eight hours a night have a higher prevalence of heart problems, namely chest pain (angina) and coronary artery disease, a narrowing of the blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart, according to research presented March 25 at the American College of Cardiology's 61st Annual Scientific Session.”

Sun Exposure Not Enough to Correct Vitamin D Deficiency

Sweetened Beverage Consumption, Incident Coronary Heart Disease and Biomarkers of Risk in Men. (Circulation. 2012)

Trends in Cardiovascular Health Metrics and Associations With All-Cause and CVD Mortality Among US Adults (JAMA 2012) “The healthy diet score from the AHA ranges from 0 to 5 and is calculated by summing the following components, assigning 1 point each for the consumption of fruits and vegetables (=4.5 cups/d), fish (=two 3.5-oz servings/wk), fiber-rich whole grains (=three 1-oz–equivalent servings/d), sodium (<1500 mg/d), and sugar-sweetened beverages (=36 oz/wk). … Elevated blood pressure, including prehypertension and hypertension, was associated with the largest adjusted PAFs for all-cause and CVD deaths in this cohort (30.4% and 40.6%, respectively). Hypertension affected approximately 68 million individuals in the United States in 2009.27 Studies suggest that for every 10% increase in hypertension treatment, an estimated 14 000 deaths would be prevented annually.28 Although the awareness, treatment, and management of hypertension are extremely important in prevention of CVD incidence and mortality, our results indicated that the desirable level of blood pressure (<120/<80 mm Hg) among the adult population remained unchanged since 1988. In addition to high sodium intake,29 overweight or obesity, lack of physical activity, high alcohol intake, and poor diet are other important modifiable risk factors for elevated blood pressure and hypertension, supporting the importance of primordial prevention of elevated blood pressure through behavioral and policy changes.”

Vitamin D deficiency and supplementation and relation to cardiovascular health (The American Journal of Cardiology 2012) “In conclusion, vitamin D deficiency was associated with a significant risk of cardiovascular disease and reduced survival. Vitamin D supplementation was significantly associated with better survival, specifically in patients with documented deficiency.”

Vitamin D on Trial “The forms of vitamin D that are obtained from foods and supplements (D2 and D3), as well as endogenously upon sun exposure (D3), are biologically inert. Two hydroxylation reactions are necessary to convert the vitamin to its active form. The first reaction occurs in the liver and converts the vitamin to an intermediate known as 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25D), or calcidiol. The second reaction occurs primarily in the kidneys, and results in the vitamin’s active form, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D), or calcitriol. … “In nutrition we talk about maintaining normal adequacy, but some people may require more vitamins than others, and identifying those populations will really be the future of nutrition,” says Milner. “It’s the classic ‘one size does not fit all.’ I’m hoping we can identify biomarkers that tell us who will really benefit, and who doesn’t need to worry.” “

A Soda a Day Raises CHD Risk by 20%

A systematic review of fish-oil supplements for the prevention and treatment of hypertension. (Eur J Prev Cardiolog. 2012)

Breathing Smog in Pregnancy Linked to Child's Behavior Problems “Women exposed to higher levels of certain air pollutants while pregnant are more likely to have children with anxiety, depression and attention problems by ages 6 and 7, new research suggests."

Cancer in Colas' Caramel Coloring?

CDC: Foodborne Illness on the Rise

Cold Air May Raise Heart-Attack Risk During Exercise

Cutting red meat intake could lengthen lifespan, Harvard study finds

Eating Meat Ups Risk of Cardiovascular and Cancer Mortality

Even a Little Drinking May Raise Breast Cancer Risk: Study

Heart Attacks in Women: Different Symptoms, Different Outcomes

Impact of barbecued meat consumed in pregnancy on birth outcomes accounting for personal prenatal exposure to airborne polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Birth cohort study in Poland (Nutrition 2012)

Overeating Tied to Increased Risk for Memory Loss “New data from the Mayo Clinic Study on Aging suggest that consuming between 2100 and 6000 calories per day may double the risk for mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in adults aged 70 years and older. "We observed a dose-response pattern...: the higher the amount of calories consumed each day, the higher the risk of MCI," study author Yonas E. Geda, MD, from the Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Arizona, and a member of the American Academy of Neurology, noted in a statement. … "We know that diet and physical exercise — 2 key Alzheimer's prevention strategies — also prevent diabetes, which increases the probability of developing Alzheimer's dementia," said Dr. Small, who is director of the university's Longevity Center. "Healthy lifestyle habits not only protect our brains but our bodies, too, as we age."“

Poor Oral Health and Coronary Artery Disease: A Case-Control Study. (J Periodontol. 2012) “Conclusion: Poor oral health was significantly associated with coronary artery disease in this study sample matched for socio-demographic characteristics.”

Signs of Neuro-problems?“Previous studies have linked slow walking speed with death from heart attacks and other heart problems, while fast walking has been tied to longevity. The new research adds to these findings, with brain scans of nearly 2,500 people linking slower walking to a higher risk of dementia. The study also found that stronger grip was associated with a lower risk of stroke.”

Smoking Linked to Cognitive Decline in Men

Statins Associated With Significant Increase in Diabetes Risk “Statin use in postmenopausal women is associated with a significantly increased risk of diabetes mellitus, research shows [1]. New data from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) hints that the risk of diabetes is higher than suggested by previous studies, with investigators reporting a 48% increased risk of diabetes among the women taking the lipid-lowering medications. "With this study, what we're seeing is that the risk of diabetes is particularly high in elderly women, and this risk is much larger than was observed in another previous meta-analysis," senior investigator Dr Yunsheng Ma (University of Massachusetts Medical School, Boston) told heartwire . "For doctors treating patients, we would like them to really look at the risk-benefit analysis, especially in different age groups, such as older women." “

Statins do not decrease mortality in primary prevention

Stroke Risk Rises With Duration of Type 2 Diabetes: Study

WARNING! Normal Blood Pressure May Be High Blood Pressure!

Women Have Less Chest Pain, More Deaths

A Visual Guide to Breast Cancer (slides)

ADHD as a Serious Risk Factor for Early Smoking and Nicotine Dependence in Adulthood. (J Atten Disord. 2012)

Air Pollution Linked to Cognitive Decline in Women

Arsenic found in organic baby food, cereal bars

Big meals in ‘memory loss link’ in elderly

Diabetes Risk from Sitting Around “Dr Thomas Yates who led the study said: "This study provides important new evidence that higher levels of sitting time have a deleterious impact on insulin resistance and chronic low-grade inflammation in women but not men and that this effect is seen regardless of how much exercise is undertaken. This suggests that women who meet the national recommendations of 30 minutes of exercise a day may still be compromising their health if they are seated for the rest of the day. 'It therefore suggests that enabling women to spend less time sitting may be an important factor in preventing chronic disease.'”

Diagnostic accuracy of home vs. ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in untreated and treated hypertension. (Hypertens Res. 2012) “HBP appears to be a reliable alternative to ABP in the diagnosis of hypertension and the detection of WCP and MH in both untreated and treated subjects.

Even Moderate Air Pollution Can Raise Stroke Risks

Fake Drug Sales Are Increasing On the Internet and Turning Up in Legitimate Supply Chains, Review Finds

Fight Menopause With a Strong Heart “After menopause, women may develop arterial stiffness – marked by increased pulse pressure – according to many studies. Arterial stiffness can make it easier for plaque to build up inside arterial walls, which may result in coronary atherosclerosis, which is a thickening of the artery walls and a precursor to cardiovascular disease, a major cause of death in elderly women. In the study, researchers administered BH4 oral treatment to 24 women in postmenopause and 9 women in premenopause. BH4 is a naturally occurring chemical that aids in the production of nitric oxide, which is beneficial to arterial health, say the researchers. Nitric oxide causes arteries to dilate, and without it, arteries can stiffen and cause high blood pressure, thickening of the left ventricle and may increase the risk for heart disease, stroke and dementia, says lead researcher Dr. Kerrie Moreau, associate professor of medicine at the University of Colorado School of Medicine, in a statement. … To prevent vascular health decline, we can intervene with appropriate therapeutic strategies such as exercise, diet and/or hormone therapy, says Moreau.”

Kegel Exercises: An Undercover Secret

Kids Still Eating Too Much Added Sugar

Low Levels of Vitamin D May Be Linked to Depression

Major JAMA Study Shows Statins Do Not Prevent Heart Disease

New ACCP Thrombosis Guidelines Offer Weak Support for Aspirin in Primary Prevention

NIH - Pillbox – identification of pills

Nocturia, sleep-disordered breathing, and cardiovascular morbidity in a community-based cohort. (PLoS One. 2012) “Nocturia is independently associated with sleep-disordered breathing. After adjusting for SDB, there remained an association between nocturia and cardiovascular morbidity.”

Sugar-sweetened beverage, sugar intake of individuals, and their blood pressure: international study of macro/micronutrients and blood pressure. (Hypertension. 2011) “These findings, plus adverse nutrient intakes among SSB consumers, and greater sugar-BP differences for persons with higher sodium excretion lend support to recommendations that intake of SSBs, sugars, and salt be substantially reduced.”

Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of Pharmacologic Interventions to Improve Quality of Life and Well-being in People With Dementia. (Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2012) “We found no consistent evidence that any drug improves quality of life in people with dementia. We recommend that all dementia trials should include quality of life as an outcome, as this is important to patients, and cannot be presumed from improvements in cognition or other symptomatic outcomes, especially if the latter are small.”

Too Much Fructose Sweetener Tied to Heart Risks in Teens

New Definition of Autism Will Exclude Many, Study Suggests

Nocturia, sleep-disordered breathing, and cardiovascular morbidity in a community-based cohort. (PLoS One. 2012) “Nocturia is independently associated with sleep-disordered breathing. After adjusting for SDB, there remained an association between nocturia and cardiovascular morbidity.”

NGC - Medical management of adults with hypertension. (2011)

No Safe Level of Alcohol Use in Pregnancy

Nocturia is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease and death (BJU International 2012)

Obesity and Pain Linked, Study of One Million Americans Shows

Prostate Cancer Screening in the Randomized Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial: Mortality Results after 13 Years of Follow-up (J Natl Cancer Inst (2012)

Salt consumption and cardiovascular, renal, and hypertensive diseases: clinical and mechanistic aspects (Current Opinion in Lipidology 2011) “It is now generally accepted that there is a direct positive correlation between dietary salt and arterial pressure. Thus, the beneficial effects of dietary salt reduction are, at least in part, due to a decrease in arterial pressure. Furthermore, the beneficial, pressure-independent effects of sodium restriction on the heart, blood vessels, and kidneys are being increasingly recognized, but not generally appreciated.”

Science Shows How Exercise Might Help in Prostate Cancer

Blood Pressure Differences Between Arms Could Signal Heart Risk “People whose systolic blood pressure -- the upper number in their reading -- is different in their left and right arms may be suffering from a vascular disease that could increase their risk of death, British researchers report. The arteries under the collarbone supply blood to the arms, legs and brain. Blockage can lead to stroke and other problems, the researchers noted, and measuring blood pressure in both arms should be routine.”

CDC: Bread Beats Out Chips as Biggest Salt Source “Breads and rolls aren't really saltier than many of the other foods, but people tend to eat a lot of them, said Mary Cogswell, a CDC senior scientist who co-authored the report. Salt is the main source of sodium for most people, and sodium increases the risk of high blood pressure, a major cause of heart disease and stroke. Health officials say most Americans get too much salt, mostly from processed and restaurant foods -- not added from the salt shaker.”

Consumption of fried foods and risk of coronary heart disease: Spanish cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study (BMJ 2012) “In Spain, a Mediterranean country where olive or sunflower oil is used for frying, the consumption of fried foods was not associated with coronary heart disease or with all cause mortality.”

Contaminant in Drinking Water Linked to Mental Illness

Decaffeinated Coffee May Help Improve Memory Function and Reduce Risk of Diabetes

Diet Soft Drink Consumption is Associated with an Increased Risk of Vascular Events in the Northern Manhattan Study. (J Gen Intern Med. 2012)

Do the benefits of screening mammography outweigh the harms of overdiagnosis and unnecessary treatment? No

Do the benefits of screening mammography outweigh the harms of overdiagnosis and unnecessary treatment? Yes

Drinking Late in First Trimester May Be Most Hazardous

Effects of moderate aerobic exercise training on chronic primary insomnia (Sleep Medicine 2011) “Long-term moderate aerobic exercise elicited significant improvements in sleep, quality of life and mood in individuals with chronic primary insomnia.”

Even Mild Dehydration May Cause Emotional, Physical Problems “Even mild dehydration may affect our moods and ability to concentrate. In a new study of 25 healthy women, mild dehydration dampened moods, increased fatigue, and led to headaches. The women in the study were aged 23, on average. They were neither athletes nor couch potatoes. Women participated in three experiments separated by 28 days. In two of these, dehydration was induced via walking on a treadmill with or without a diuretic pill. These pills encourage urination, and can lead to dehydration.”

Exercise training restores hypertension-induced changes in the elastic tissue of the thoracic aorta. (J Vasc Res. 2011)

Fructose and cardiometabolic disorders: the controversy will, and must, continue. (Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2010)

Heading Soccer Ball Linked to Brain Injury

High Blood Pressure and the DASH Diet “One step to lower high blood pressure: Incorporate the DASH diet into your lifestyle. Doctors recommend: Eating more fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy foods Cutting back on foods that are high in saturated fat, cholesterol, and total fat Eating more whole grain products, fish, poultry, and nuts Eating less red meat and sweets Eating foods that are rich in magnesium, potassium, and calcium The DASH diet, which stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, is an example of such an eating plan. In studies, patients who were on the DASH diet reduced their blood pressure within two weeks. Another diet -- DASH-Sodium -- calls for reducing sodium (salt) to 1,500 mg a day (about 2/3 teaspoon). Studies of patients on the DASH-Sodium plan significantly lowered their blood pressure. … Here are some tips to get you started on the DASH diet: Add a serving of vegetables at lunch and at dinner. Add a serving of fruit to your meals or as a snack. Canned and dried fruits are easy to use. Use only half the butter, margarine, or salad dressing, and use low-fat or fat-free condiments. Drink low-fat or skim dairy products three times a day. Limit meat to six ounces a day. Try eating some vegetarian meals. Add more vegetables, rice, pasta, and dry beans to your diet. Instead of typical snacks (chips, etc.), eat unsalted pretzels or nuts, raisins, graham crackers, low-fat and fat-free yogurt and frozen yogurt; unsalted plain popcorn with no butter, and raw vegetables. Read food labels carefully to choose products that are lower in sodium.”

High Levels of MRSA Bacteria in U.S. Retail Meat Products, Study Suggests

High-Normal Blood Pressure Raises Heart Risks in Men ““Having high blood pressure in middle age is a major risk factor for developing atrial fibrillation later in life, and now new research links high-normal-range blood pressure with an increase in risk. More than 2 million mostly older Americans have the heart rhythm disorder known as atrial fibrillation, which greatly increases their risk for stroke, heart failure, and death. Researchers followed about 2,000 Norwegian men for an average of 30 years, during which time 270 developed atrial fibrillation. Men whose systolic blood pressure (the upper number) was in the high-normal range at the start of the study were 50% more likely than men with normal blood pressure to develop the heart rhythm condition. An earlier study in women who were followed for an average of 14 years also showed high-normal blood pressure to be associated with a higher risk for atrial fibrillation. … Prehypertension is common in people with metabolic syndrome, which is a group of risk factors associated with an elevated risk for heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. “This study is another example of a metabolic syndrome trait being associated with higher [heart disease and stroke] risk,” says AHA spokesman Roger Blumenthal, MD, who directs the Johns Hopkins Ciccarone Preventive Cardiology Center. Blumenthal says the findings should serve as a wake-up call for those with blood pressure readings in the high-normal range, adding that people with systolic blood pressure readings in the 130s and diastolic readings in the 80s should be counseled to make lifestyle changes that can improve the numbers. “That means revving up your diet and exercise schedule and losing weight if you are overweight,” he says.

Is the metabolic syndrome caused by a high fructose, and relatively low fat, low cholesterol diet? (Arch Med Sci. 2011) “The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is manifested by a lipid triad which includes elevated serum triglycerides, small LDL particles, and low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, by central obesity (central adiposity), insulin resistance, glucose intolerance and elevated blood pressure, and it is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease. We have developed a new hypothesis regarding MetS as a consequence of a high intake in carbohydrates and food with a high glycemic index, particularly fructose, and relatively low intake of cholesterol and saturated fat. … Fructose also leads to increased levels of advanced glycation end products. The macrophages exposed to advanced glycation end products become dysfunctional and, on entry into the artery wall, contribute to plaque formation and thrombosis.”

Lifetime risks of cardiovascular disease. (N Engl J Med. 2012)

10 Cancer Symptoms Women Shouldn't Ignore

Bacon linked to higher risk of pancreatic cancer, says report “Daily consumption of bacon and other red meat products can raise cancer rates, according to the study. Eating two rashers of bacon a day can increase the risk of pancreatic cancer by 19% and the risk goes up if a person eats more, experts have said. Eating 50g of processed meat every day – the equivalent to one sausage or two rashers of bacon – increases the risk by 19%, compared to people who do not eat processed meat at all.”

Breastfeeding and Allergy: The Evidence (Ann Nutr Metab. 2011)

Dairy products and cancer. (J Am Coll Nutr. 2011)

Double Check Dose Before Giving Acetaminophen To Infants, FDA

Flush With Germs: Lidless Toilets Spread C difficile

Frequent red meat eaters at higher risk of stroke “A high-protein diet might benefit health in some ways, but depending on what kind of protein a person consumes, it could raise their stroke risk too, suggests a large new study that finds eating lots of red meat ups the likelihood of having a stroke while poultry lowers it.”

Fruit, veggie lovers not immune to weight gain

Half of Asthma Patients Do Not Respond to Standard Therapy “The investigators found that the patients with asthma who were persistently noneosinophilic did not have a forced expiratory volume in 1 second response to a 2-week period of intense treatment with oral and inhaled corticosteroids and oral zafirlukast. The poor response to intense combined treatment seen in patients with persistently noneosinophilic asthma suggests that these patients have a unique disease phenotype for which new treatments need to be developed. The study also indicates that the persistently noneosinophilic group is not homogenous and cannot be easily identified clinically.”

Mediterranean Diet Gives Longer Life, Swedish Study Suggests

Mental Decline Can Start at 45, Study Finds

Missed Naps Could Put Toddlers at Risk for Mood Disorders “Toddlers who miss daytime naps may be at increased risk for mood disorders later in life, a new study indicates. Researchers looked at toddlers aged 30 months to 36 months and found that depriving them of a single daily nap resulted in more anxiety, lower levels of joy and interest, and reduced problem-solving abilities. "Many young children today are not getting enough sleep, and for toddlers, daytime naps are one way of making sure their 'sleep tanks' are set to full each day," study leader Monique LeBourgeois, an assistant professor in the integrative physiology department at the University of Colorado, Boulder, said in a university news release. "This study shows insufficient sleep in the form of missing a nap taxes the way toddlers express different feelings, and, over time, may shape their developing emotional brains and put them at risk for lifelong, mood-related problems," she explained.”

More Frequent Aspirin Use Associated With More Severe AMD

Parental Smoking and the Risk of Middle Ear Disease in Children (Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012) “Exposure to SHTS, particularly to smoking by the mother, significantly increases the risk of MED in childhood; this risk is particularly strong for MED requiring surgery. We have shown that per year 130 200 of child MED episodes in the United Kingdom and 292 950 of child frequent ear infections in the United States are directly attributable to SHTS exposure in the home.”

Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in preschoolers. (J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2011)

Sugary drinks tied to breastfed kids' weight “Babies who were breastfed longest and drank few or no sugary beverages were about half as likely to be obese as kids who weren't breastfed or who consumed the most sugary drinks, in a new study of Hispanic children in southern California. The research, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, is one of the first looks at the combined effects of breastfeeding and how many sugary drinks, like soda and juice drinks, children consume in the first few years of their lives. Past studies have suggested that breastfeeding is linked to a lower risk of obesity in children; however, Jaimie Davis, the study's lead author and a professor at the University of Southern California, said mothers will also give their babies and toddlers sugary drinks. "What happens is that they're breastfeeding and they're often giving their kids juice or Gatorade," said Davis. "They don't realize it's having the counter effect." “

Traffic-Related Pollutants and Wheezing in Children. (J Asthma. 2012)

Should You Have a PSA Screening Test? Johns Hopkins Responds to Recent USPSTF Recommendations

Spinal Manipulation, Exercise Trump Drugs for Neck Pain

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