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NGC - Diabetes mellitus. (2005)
NGC - Diabetes mellitus. (2006)
NGC - Diabetic retinopathy. (2008)
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Diet and Health
Comparison of abdominal adiposity and overall obesity in predicting risk of type 2 diabetes among men. (Am J Clin Nutr. 2005) "BACKGROUND: Obesity is a strong risk factor for type 2 diabetes. However, few studies have compared the predictive power of overall obesity with that of central obesity. The cutoffs for waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) as measures of abdominal adiposity remain controversial. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare body mass index (BMI), WC, and WHR in predicting type 2 diabetes. ? CONCLUSIONS: Both overall and abdominal adiposity strongly and independently predict risk of type 2 diabetes. WC is a better predictor than is WHR. The currently recommended cutoff for WC of 102 cm for men may need to be reevaluated; a lower cutoff may be more appropriate."
Fitness and Exercise
Effects of exercise training on glucose homeostasis: the HERITAGE Family Study. (Diabetes Care. 2005) "OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of a 20-week endurance training program in healthy, previously sedentary participants on measures derived from an intravenous glucose tolerance test (i.v.GTT). ? CONCLUSIONS: Although the effects of structured regular exercise were highly variable, there were improvements in virtually all i.v.GTT-derived variables. In the absence of substantial weight loss, regular exercise is required for sustained improvements in glucose homeostasis."