:: September 2014
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Related Topics - Highlighted Articles
Prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux in difficult asthma: relationship to asthma outcome. (Chest. 2005) "STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)-both symptoms and objective evidence-using 24-h dual-probe pH monitoring in difficult asthma, and the relationship between the presence and treatment of GERD to clinical outcome. Ä CONCLUSIONS: In difficult-to-control asthma, GERD is common, but identification and treatment of GERD do not appear to relate to improvement in asthma control in this population."
Gastroesophageal reflux and cancer. (Thorac Surg Clin. 2005) "The causal relationship between GERD and esophageal adenocarcinoma, although unclear just a few decades ago, now is established fairly well. The physiologic changes and the biocellular alterations of the damaged esophageal mucosa are documented better. Despite this knowledge, the dramatic increase in the incidence of esophageal cancer cannot be explained. The absolute risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma arising from GERD is low, and, at present, does not justify population-screening programs. Still, with the notion that adenocarcinoma of the esophagus is an aggressive cancer once documented, important questions still are in need of answers for patients suffering from reflux symptoms. Patients who have reflux disease are not necessarily symptomatic. It remains unclear if patients experiencing reflux symptoms should undergo mandatory endoscopy with biopsies at the esophagogastric junction. Furthermore, metaplasia of the lower esophagus often is not readily recognizable at endoscopy, and only biopsies can document abnormal histology. A severe and prolonged history of reflux always should orient to the possibility of a reflux-related columnar-lined esophagus."